Britain had to face problems
the Empire, as well. The Dominions and colonies (south Africa, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Newfoundland and India)
their independence after their contribution
the victory of World War I and their representation in the Peace Conference of Versailles: in 1926 the Dominion Imperial Conference in London declared them autonomous and in
way subordinate but freely associated to the British Commonwealth of Nations (Eire soon detached from it). |
In 1920 in India Mahatma Gandhi had started a policy of non-violent protest against the British government which led to an increase
Indian participation in government with the Government of India Act of 1935.
THE COMMONWEALTH - The British Empire comprised the dominions, colonies, protectorates ruled or administered by the United Kingdom (UK), that had originated with the
colonies established by England in the 17th century.
During the 15th and 16th centuries, Spain and Portugal
European exploration of the globe and in the process established large empires, followed by England, France and the Netherlands in the Americas and Asia.
A series of wars with Spain, the Netherlands and France
Britain the dominant colonial power in North America and India. After the
of the Thirteen Colonies in North America in 1783 British attention
turned towards Africa, Asia and Oceania.